A dental exam might also include dental X-rays (radiographs) or other diagnostic procedures. During a dental exam, the dental surgeon will likely discuss your diet and oral hygiene habits and might demonstrate proper brushing and flossing techniques.

A good manageable treatment plan does not just happen but comes about as the natural consequence of taking carefully considered steps. History taking and clinical examination are two of the most important aspects of the patient assessment process and complement each other to such an extent that it is impossible to build a satisfactory treatment plan without combining and collating information from the two procedures.

Couple & bridal cosmetic packages to look perfect on your wedding day:

On the wedding the bride and the bridegroom are the stars of the day. Everyone’s attention is at them, even camera doesn’t leave them. Clothes, makeup matters but the smile is the most important thing that can’t be neglected for them and smile is the first thing most people notice on your face. The camera that captures your smile will be treasured by you and your family for a lifetime. A brighter and whiter smile makes you feel more confident for the day and makes sparkling impression to others. It’s recommend by our dental specialist that you should visit at Rahman Dental Care about 1 week in advance to the occasion for a comprehensive smile evaluation. After comprehensive evaluation, we shall suggest you with the options made to help you improve your smiles. Various procedures such as cleaning and polishing, teeth whitening, teeth recontouring, composite bonding etc may be advised depending upon the teeth, shape of your face, personality and preferences.

At Rahman dental care we have designing special packages to help you achieve a Brighter, whiter and radiating smile for your special day. These packages are also suitable for family and friends and can be booked in groups.

                      Smile Essential Package:

  • Full examine of your smile
  • Full mouth scaling and cleaning
  • Full mouth polishing
  • Brushing Techniques.
  • Time:  Single sitting of about 30-40 minutes. Advised 1 week before the ceremony.

Dentistry, also known as Dental and Oral Medicine is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area. Although primarily associated with teeth among the general public, the field of dentistry or dental medicine is not limited to teeth but includes other aspects of the craniofacial complex including the temporomandibular joint and other supporting, muscular, lymphatic, nervous, vascular and anatomical structures.

Cosmetic dentistry is generally used to refer to any dental work that improves the appearance (though not necessarily the functionality) of teeth, gums and bite. It primarily focuses on improvement in dental aesthetics in color, position, shape, size, alignment and overall smile appearance. Many dental surgeons refer to themselves as “cosmetic dental surgeon” regardless of their specific education, specialty, training and experience in this field. This has been considered unethical with a predominant objective of marketing to patients. The American Dental Association does not recognize cosmetic dentistry as a formal specialty area of dentistry. However, there are still dental surgeons that promote themselves as cosmetic dental surgeon.

An occlusal adjustment procedure or bite adjustment is a procedure performed to remove tiny interferences that keep teeth from coming together properly. The imperfect positioning of the teeth when the jaws are closed is called a malocclusion.

A dental restoration or dental filling is a treatment to restore the function, integrity and morphology of missing tooth structure resulting from caries or external trauma as well as to the replacement of such structure supported by dental implants. There are of two broad types—direct and indirect and are further classified by location and size. A root canal filling, for example, is a restorative technique used to fill the space where the dental pulp normally resides.

Pediatric dentistry (formerly pedodontics in American English or paedodonticsin Commonwealth English) is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence. The specialty of pediatric dentistry is recognized by the American Dental Association, Royal College of Dentists of Canada and Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons. Preventive dentistry is the practice of caring for your teeth to keep them healthy. This helps to avoid cavities, gum disease, enamel wear, and more. There are many forms of preventive dentistry, such as daily brushing and dental cleanings.

A bridge is a fixed dental restoration (fixed dental prosthesis) used to replace one or more missing teeth by joining an artificial tooth definitively to adjacent teeth or dental implants.

A crown, sometimes known as dental cap, is a type of dental restoration which completely caps or encircles a tooth or dental implant. Crowns are often needed when a large cavity threatens the ongoing health of a tooth. They are typically bonded to the tooth using a dental cement. Crowns can be made from many materials, which are usually fabricated using indirect methods. Crowns are often used to improve the strength or appearance of teeth. While inarguably beneficial to dental health, the procedure and materials can be relatively expensive.

The most common method of crowning a tooth involves using a dental impression of a prepared tooth by a dental surgeon to fabricate the crown outside of the mouth. The crown can then be inserted at a subsequent dental appointment. Using this indirect method of tooth restoration allows use of strong restorative materials requiring time-consuming fabrication methods requiring intense heat, such as casting metal or firing porcelain which would not be possible to complete inside the mouth. Because of the expansion properties, the relatively similar material costs and the cosmetic benefit, many patients choose to have their crown fabricated with gold. As new technology and materials science has evolved, computers are increasingly becoming a part of crown fabrication, such as in CAD/CAM dentistry.


A dental extraction (also referred to as tooth extraction, exodontia, exodontics, or informally, tooth pulling) is the removal of teeth from the dental alveolus (socket) in the alveolar bone. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, but most commonly to remove teeth which have become unrestorable through tooth decayperiodontal disease or dental trauma, especially when they are associated with toothache. Sometimes wisdom teeth are impacted (stuck and unable to grow normally into the mouth) and may cause recurrent infections of the gum (pericoronitis). In orthodontics if the teeth are crowded, sound teeth may be extracted (often bicuspids) to create space so the rest of the teeth can be straightened.

Immediately after the tooth is removed, a bite pack is used to apply pressure to the tooth socket and stop the bleeding. After a tooth extraction, dental surgeons usually give advice which revolves around not disturbing the blood clot in the socket by not touching the area with a finger or the tongue by avoiding vigorous rinsing of the mouth and avoiding strenuous activity. Sucking such as through a straw, is to be avoided. If the blood clot is dislodged, bleeding can restart, or alveolar osteitis (“dry socket”) can develop, which can be very painful and lead to delayed healing of the socket. Smoking is avoided for at least 24 hours as it impairs wound healing and makes dry socket significantly more likely. Most advise hot salt water mouth baths which start 24 hours after the extraction.

The branch of dentistry that deals primarily with extractions is oral surgery (“exodontistry”), although general dental surgeon and periodontists often carry out tooth extraction routinely since it is a core skill taught in dental schools. Periodontists are performing more and more extractions, since they often follow up and place a dental implant.

A dental implant (also known as an endosseous implant or fixture) is a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as a crownbridgedenture, facial prosthesis or to act as an orthodontic anchor. The basis for modern dental implants is a biologic process called osseointegration, in which materials such as titanium form an intimate bond to bone. The implant fixture is first placed so that it is likely to osseointegrate then a dental prosthetic is added. A variable amount of healing time is required for osseointegration before either the dental prosthetic (a tooth, bridge or denture) is attached to the implant or an abutment is placed which will hold a dental prosthetic.

Success or failure of implants depends on the health of the person receiving the treatment drugs which affect the chances of osseointegration and the health of the tissues in the mouth. The amount of stress that will be put on the implant and fixture during normal function is also evaluated. Planning the position and number of implants is key to the longterm health of the prosthetic since biomechanical forces created during chewing can be significant. The position of implants is determined by the position and angle of adjacent teeth by lab simulations or by using computed tomography with CAD/CAM simulations and surgical guides called stents. The prerequisites for long term success of osseointegrated dental implants are healthy bone and gingiva. Since both can atrophy after tooth extraction, pre-prosthetic procedures such as sinus lifts or gingival grafts are sometimes required to recreate ideal bone and gingiva.

The final prosthetic can be either fixed, where a person cannot remove the denture or teeth from their mouth or removable where they can remove the prosthetic. In each case an abutment is attached to the implant fixture. Where the prosthetic is fixed the crown, bridge or denture is fixed to the abutment either with lag screws or with dental cement. Where the prosthetic is removable a corresponding adapter is placed in the prosthetic so that the two pieces can be secured together.

Orthodontia, also called orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics is a specialty of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and correction of malpositioned teeth and jaws. The field was established by such pioneering orthodontists as Edward Angle and Norman William Kingsley. Dental braces (also known as braces, orthodontic cases, or cases) are devices used in orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person’s bite while also aiming to improve dental health. Braces also fix gaps. They are often used to correct underbites as well as malocclusionsoverbites, open bites, deep bitescross bites, crooked teeth and various other flaws of the teeth and jaw. Braces can be either cosmetic or structural. Dental braces are often used in conjunction with other orthodontic appliances to help widen the palate or jaws and to otherwise assist in shaping the teeth and jaws. Orthodontic technology is a specialty of dental technology that is concerned with the design and fabrication of dental appliances for the treatment of malocclusions, which may be a result of tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships or both. There are three main types of orthodontic appliances: active, passive and functional. All these types can be fixed or removable.

Dentures (false teeth) are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth and are supported by the surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Conventional dentures are removable (removable partial denture or complete denture). However, there are many denture designs, some which rely on bonding or clasping onto teeth or dental implants (fixed prosthodontics). There are two main categories of dentures, the distinction being whether they are used to replace missing teeth on the mandibular arch or on the maxillary arch.

A palatal obturator is a prosthesis that totally occludes an opening such as an oronasal fistula (in the roof of the mouth). They are similar to dental retainers but without the front wire. Palatal obturators are typically short term prosthetics used to close defects of the hard/soft palate that may affect speech production or cause nasal regurgitation during feeding. Following surgery there may remain a residual or nasal opening on the palate, alveolar ridge or vestibule of the larynx. A palatal obturator may be used to compensate for hypernasality and to aid in speech therapy targeting correction of compensatory articulation caused by the cleft palate. In simpler terms, a palatal obturator covers any fistulas (or “holes”) in the roof of the mouth that lead to the nasal cavity, providing the wearer with a plastic/acrylic, removable roof of the mouth, which aids in speech, eating, and proper air flow. Palatal obturators are not to be confused with palatal lifts or other prosthetic devices. A palatal obturator may be used in cases of a deficiency in tissue when a remaining opening in the palate occurs. In some cases it may be downsized gradually so that tissue can strengthen over time and compensate for the decreasing size of the obturator. The palatal lift however is used when there is not enough palatal movement. It raises the palate and reduces the range of movement necessary to provide adequate closure to separate the nasal cavity from the oral cavity. Speech bulbs and palatal lifts aid in velopharyngeal closure and do not obturate a fistula. A speech bulb, yet another type of prosthetic device often confused with a palatal obturator contains a pharyngeal section which goes behind the soft palate. Palatal obturators are needed by individuals with cleft palate those who have had tumors removed or have had traumatic injuries to their palate.

This is a comprehensive list of functional appliances that are used in the field of orthodontics. The functional appliances can be divided into fixed and removable. The fixed functional appliances have to be bonded to the teeth by an orthodontist. A removable functional appliance does not need to be bonded on the teeth and can be removed by the patient. A removable appliance is usually used by patients who have high degree of compliance with their orthodontic treatment. Fixed appliances are able to produce very accurate movement in the teeth. Both fixed and removable functional appliances can be used to correct a malocclusion in three planes: Anterior-Posterior, Vertical and Transverse. In the Anterior-Posterior dimension appliances such as Class II and Class III are used. Appliances used in transverse dimension are utilized to expand either the maxillary or the mandibular arch. Appliances used in the vertical dimension are used to correct open or deep bite.

Root canal treatment (also known as endodontic therapy, endodontic treatment, root canal therapy, or simply root canal) is a treatment sequence for the infected pulp of a tooth which results in the elimination of infection and the protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion. Root canals and their associated pulp chamber  are the physical hollows within a tooth that are naturally inhabited by nerve tissueblood vessels and other cellular entities. Together these items constitute the dental pulp. Endodontic therapy involves the removal of these structures, the subsequent shaping, cleaning and decontamination of the hollows with small files and irrigating solutions and the obturation (filling) of the decontaminated canals. Filling of the cleaned and decontaminated canals is done with an inert filling such as guttapercha and typically a eugenol based cement. Epoxy Resin is employed to bind gutta-percha in some root canal procedures. Endodontics includes both primary and secondary endodontic treatments as well as periradicular surgery which is generally used for teeth that still have potential for salvage.

A pulpotomy is the removal of a portion of the pulp including the diseased aspect with the intent of maintaining the vitality of the remaining pulpal tissue by means of a therapeutic dressing. A healthy tooth has a space inside it called the “pulp space” which is filled with soft tissues nerves, blood vessels and pink connective tissue. When a carious process develops in a tooth the bacteria associated with it can cause pulpal inflammation which is often what causes toothache.

A pulpectomy often referred to as a “partial root canal” is a common procedure in which a dental surgeon removes all of the pulp from a tooth’s pulp chamber from the crown and roots. This procedure is commonly performed on a primary tooth of a child that has had advanced cavity instead of extracting the tooth which can cause bite and alignment problems. The difference between a pulpectomy and a pulpotomy is that a pulpotomy is the removal of the nerve in the pulp chamber only whereas a pulpectomy involves the pulp chamber as well as the canals of a tooth.

Scaling and root planing also known as conventional periodontal therapy, nonsurgical periodontal therapy or deep cleaning is a procedure involving removal of dental plaque and calculus (scaling or debridement) and then smoothing, or planing of the (exposed) surfaces of the roots, removing cementum or dentine that is impregnated with calculus, toxins or microorganisms, the etiologic agents that cause inflammation. This helps to establish a periodontium that is in remission of periodontal disease. Periodontal scalers and periodontal curettes are some of the tools involved.

Tooth polishing is done to smooth the surfaces of teeth and restorations. The purpose of polishing is to remove extrinsic stains, remove dental plaque accumulation, increase aesthetics and to reduce corrosion of metallic restorations. Tooth polishing has little therapeutic value and is usually done as a cosmetic procedure after debridement and before fluoride application. Common practice is to use a prophy cup a small motorized rubber cup along with an abrasive polishing compound.

Curettage in medical procedures is the use of a curette (French meaning scoop) to remove tissue by scraping or scooping. Curettages are also a declining method of abortion. It has been replaced by vacuum aspiration over the last decade. Curettage has been used to treat teeth affected by periodontitis.

Gingival curettage is a surgical procedure designed to remove the soft tissue lining of the periodontal pocket with a curet, leaving only a gingival connective tissue lining. Gingival curettage as originally conceived was designed to promote new connective tissue attachment to the tooth by the removal of pocket lining and junctional epithelium. Since there is no evidence that gingival curettage has any therapeutic benefit in the treatment of chronic periodontitis the American Dental Association has deleted that code from the fourth edition of Current Dental Terminology (CDT-4). In addition the American Academy of Periodontology in its Guidelines for Periodontal Therapy did not include gingival curettage as a method of treatment. This indicates that the dental community as a whole regards gingival curettage as a procedure with no clinical value.

Curettage is also a major method used for removing osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma. Curettage with subsequent culture is more accurate than ulcer base swan culture or aspiration and culture for diabetic foot ulcers. Curettage is also used when excising a chalazion of the eyelid.

Teeth grinding (bruxism) is involuntary clenching, grinding and gnashing of the teeth that usually happens during sleep. Causes can include stress, concentration and use of illegal drugs.

Dental sealants (also termed pit and fissure sealants or simply fissure sealants) are a dental treatment intended to prevent tooth decay. Teeth have recesses on their biting surfaces; the back teeth have fissures (grooves) and some front teeth have cingulum pits. It is these pits and fissures which are most vulnerable to tooth decay because food and bacteria stick in them and because they are hard to clean areas. Dental sealants are materials placed in these pits and fissures to fill them in, creating a smooth surface which is easy to clean. Dental sealants are mainly used in children who are at higher risk of tooth decay and are usually placed as soon as the adult molar teeth come through.

A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeoninterventional radiologist or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease. The tissue is generally examined under a microscope by a pathologist and can also be analyzed chemically. When an entire lump or suspicious area is removed, the procedure is called an excisional biopsy. An incisional biopsy or core biopsy samples a portion of the abnormal tissue without attempting to remove the entire lesion or tumor. When a sample of tissue or fluid is removed with a needle in such a way that cells are removed without preserving the histological architecture of the tissue cells the procedure is called a needle aspiration biopsy. Biopsies are most commonly performed for insight into possible cancerous and inflammatory conditions.

Tooth whitening (termed tooth bleaching when utilising bleach) is either the restoration of a natural tooth shade or whitening beyond the natural shade. Restoration of the underlying natural tooth shade is possible by simply removing surface stains caused by extrinsic factors, stainers such as tea, coffee, red wine and tobacco. The buildup of calculus and tartar can also influence the staining of teeth. This restoration of the natural tooth shade is achieved by having the teeth cleaned by a dental professional (commonly termed “scaling and polishing“), or at home by various oral hygiene methods. Calculus and tartar are difficult to remove without a professional clean.

To whiten the natural tooth shade, bleaching is suggested. It is a common procedure in cosmetic dentistry and a number of different techniques are used by dental professionals. There is a plethora of products marketed for home use to do this also. Techniques include bleaching strips, bleaching pens, bleaching gels and laser tooth whitening. Bleaching methods generally use either hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide which breaks down into hydrogen peroxide.

Fluoride varnish is a highly concentrated form of fluoride which is applied to the tooth‘s surface by a dental surgeon or other health care professional as a type of topical fluoride therapy. It is not a permanent varnish but due to its adherent nature it is able to stay in contact with the tooth surface for several hours. It may be applied to the enameldentine or cementum of the tooth and can be used to help prevent decay, remineralise the tooth surface  and to treat dentine hypersensitivity. There are more than 30 fluoride containing varnish products on the market today and they have varying compositions and delivery systems. These compositional differences lead to widely variable pharmacokinetics, the effects of which remain largely untested clinically.

Surgery  is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas. The act of performing surgery may be called a “surgical procedure”, “operation” or simply “surgery”. In this context the verb “operate” means to perform surgery. The adjective “surgical” means pertaining to surgery; e.g. surgical instruments or surgical nurse. The patient or subject on which the surgery is performed can be a person or an animal. A surgeon is a person who practices surgery and a surgeon’s assistant is a person who practices surgical assistance. A surgical team is made up of surgeon surgeon’s assistantanaesthesia provider, circulating nurse and surgical technologist. Surgery usually spans minutes to hours but it is typically not an ongoing or periodic type of treatment. The term “surgery” can also refer to the place where surgery is performed or, in British English simply the office of a physician, dental surgeon or veterinarian.

Prosthodontics also known as dental prosthetics or prosthetic dentistry is the area of dentistry that focuses on dental prostheses. It is one of nine dental specialties recognized by the American Dental Association (ADA), Royal College of Surgeons of EnglandRoyal College of Surgeons of EdinburghRoyal College of Surgeons of IrelandRoyal College of Surgeons of GlasgowRoyal College of Dentists of Canada, and Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons. The ADA defines it as “the dental specialty pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment planning, rehabilitation and maintenance of the oral function, comfort, appearance and health of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing or deficient teeth or oral and maxillofacial tissues using biocompatible substitutes.”

Diabetes can affect your whole body including your mouth. So you’ll want to take special care of your teeth and gums. It’s also important to manage your blood sugar. Over time, increased levels of blood glucose can put you at risk for oral health problems.

Patients with angina treated with calcium channel blockers may have gum overgrowth. In some cases, gum surgery may be needed. Like patients with a previous heart attack, patients with angina may want to ask their dental surgeon if oxygen and nitroglycerin are available in case a medical emergency should arise.

Oral health is an important component of general health and should be maintained during pregnancy and through a woman’s lifespan. Maintaining good oral health may have a positive effect on cardiovascular disease, diabetes and other disorders.

Aesthetic filling  is a method of restoration without damaging dental tissue and gums that helps to restore the functions of teeth by ensuring their strength, resistance and compatibility with the surrounding mucosa. 

Apexification is a method of dental treatment to induce a calcific barrier in a root with incomplete formation or open apex of a tooth with necrotic pulp. Pulpal involvement usually occurs as a consequence of trauma or caries involvement of young or immature permanent teeth.

Apexogenesis is a procedure that addresses the shortcomings involved with capping the inflamed dental pulp of an incompletely developed tooth. The goal of apexogenesis is the preservation of vital pulp tissue so that continued root development with apical closure may occur.

An apisectomy / apicoectomy will be performed in some instances an abscess may become chronic and a cyst can develop which can destroy the surrounding bone. When Root canal treatment service if successful will usually solve the problem of abscesses. An apisectomy / apicoectomy is an endodontic surgical procedure that sees a tooth’s root tip being removed a root end cavity being prepared and filled with biocompatible material and removing any infected tissue from around the tip.

Dental avulsion is the complete displacement of a tooth from its socket in alveolar bone owing to trauma. The treatment for permanent teeth consists of replantation, immediately if possible.

Tooth decay also known as dental caries or cavities is a breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria. The cavities may be a number of different colors from yellow to black. Symptoms may include pain and difficulty with eating.

Crown Lengthening is a procedure to address an excessive gingival display otherwise known as a gummy smile. A person with a gummy smile appears to have short teeth. Their teeth are actually the typical size but excess gum tissue partially covers them is a procedure to address an excessive gingival display, otherwise known as a gummy smile. A person with a gummy smile appears to have short teeth. Their teeth are actually the typical size but excess gum tissue partially covers them.

Dental Crown have a life span of many years crowns can fail for a number of reasons. The life of a dental crown depends on several factors. One of the more common reasons for the replacement of old crowns is that the old crown keeps falling off.

Dry Socket (alveolar osteitis) is a painful dental condition that sometimes happens after you have a permanent adult tooth extracted. Dry socket is when the blood clot at the site of the tooth extraction fails to develop or it dislodges or dissolves before the wound has healed.

A wide range of disorders can lead to mucosal changes in the oral cavity. Typically, lesions arise from processes that are infectious or inflammatory and that respond to excision the soft  tissue mass.

Flexible dentures are a kind of partial denture but these ones are made of different materials than ordinary partial dentures. Most flexible dentures are made of a thin thermoplastic such as nylon, compared to the thicker, more rigid acrylic used in full dentures.

A frenectomy is the removal of a frenulum, a small fold of tissue that prevents an organ in the body from moving too far. It can refer to frenula in several places on the human body. It is related to frenuloplasty a surgical alteration in a frenulum.

Full mouth rehabilitation or reconstruction, rebuild or restore all of the teeth in both upper and lower jaws. Full mouth reconstruction typically involves a team of specialists and we carry this procedure for patients with:

– Severely worn down teeth due to long term acid erosion (foods, beverages, bulimia, acid reflux).

– Severely worn down teeth due to teeth grinding.

– Severely damaged teeth due to decay, trauma or periodontal disease.

Gingivectomy is a dental procedure in which a dental surgeon or oral surgeon cuts away part of the gums in the mouth (the gingiva). It is the oldest surgical approach in periodontal therapy and is usually done for improvement of aesthetics or prognosis of teeth.

In glass fiber post and composite core system modulus of elasticity is similar to dentin had resulted in improved stress distribution between the post and dentin thus resulting in improved flexibility of teeth under applied loads. Fiber posts contribute to minimizes the risks of unrestorable root fractures.

Inlay, onlay & inlay ceramic metal in dentistry, inlays and onlays are a form of indirect restoration which means they are made outside of the mouth as a single, solid piece that fits the specific size and shape of the cavity and then cemented in place in the tooth. This is an alternative to a direct restoration made out of composite, amalgam or glass ionomer that is built up within the mouth.

The term jaw fracture often refers to a break of the lower jaw (mandible). Fractures of the upper jaw (part of the bone called the maxilla) are sometimes called jaw fractures but are usually considered facial fractures. The mandible is most often broken as a result of blunt trauma, such as being punched or hit with a baseball bat or other object. Fractures of the maxilla can occur when the front of the face smashes against an immovable object, as occurs in a fall from a height or a motor vehicle crash. Some are caused by being hit by a blunt object such as a fist or weapon. Some jaw fractures break only a tooth socket.

Operculectomy is the removal of the flap of gum overlying a tooth. Often, wisdom teeth are only partly erupted into the mouth. An area which can be difficult to access with normal oral hygiene methods. The synonym operculitis technically refers to inflammation of the operculum alone.

Oral Abscess is a pocket of infection in the gums or the space between the teeth and the gums. Bacteria may reach the area due to a dental abscess or another oral hygiene issue, such as periodontitis. Gum abscesses are slightly different to dental abscesses though they may share some of the same symptoms and treatments. Home remedies may help treat the symptoms but the abscess will need treatment and drainage from a dental surgeon.

A tooth perforation is a pathologic or iatrogenic communication between the root canal space and the periodontal apparatus. To clinically determine if an endodontically perforated tooth should be extracted or saved, the clinician must first understand the prognosis and treatment.

Periodontitis is a severe gum infection that can lead to tooth loss and other serious health complications. Periodontitis  also called gum disease is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and without treatment can destroy the bone that supports your teeth.

To treat a cavity dental surgeon will remove the decayed portion of the tooth and then fill the area on the tooth where the decayed material was removed. Fillings are also used to repair cracked or broken teeth and teeth that have been worn down from misuse (such as from nail-biting or tooth grinding). Usually permanent fillings both auto cure & light cure, GIF, Giomer, Composite with or without base and lining.

Pulpitis is inflammation of dental pulp tissue. The pulp contains the blood vessels the nerves and connective tissue inside a tooth and provides the tooth’s blood and nutrients. Pulpitis is mainly caused by bacterial infection which itself is a secondary development of caries (tooth decay).

Rebasing of Denture  is usually done when the denture teeth have not worn out in comparison to the denture base material. It is a process of retrofitting dentures by replacing all of the acrylic denture base with new acrylic which provides a stable denture without replacing the denture teeth.

Resurfacing or correction of denture adaptation to underline tissues by the addition of a new resin material to its fitting surface without changing its occlusal relation. Addition of material to the tissue side of a denture to improve its adaptation to the supporting mucosa.

The Sinus Membrane Perforation is not unusual during sinus lift procedures. The perforation of sinus membranes can cause maxillary sinusitis, graft failure and osseo-integration failures. Therefore, perforations of the maxillary sinus membranes should be carefully treated to obtain a successful result in implant restorations with sinus grafting. In cases of sinus perforation, the implant installation or sinus grafting has been delayed. However, if an adequate repair technique can be applied using a lateral window approach, then sinus grafting with or without dental implantations can be accomplished without any complications.

Tumours are groups of abnormal cells that form lumps or growths. They can start in any one of the trillions of cells in our bodies. Tumours grow and behave differently, depending on whether they are cancerous (malignant), non cancerous (benign) or precancerous.

Cyst is a sac like pocket of membranous tissue that contains fluid, air or other substances. Cysts can grow almost anywhere in your body or under your skin. There are many different types of cysts. Most cysts are benign or noncancerous.

Periodontal pockets may be eliminated surgically. It is obtaining a reattachment of the soft tissues to the tooth surface, resection of the detached gingival tissue and by apical repositioning of the detached gingival tissue.

A temporary crown (provisional crown, interim crown) is a temporary crown used in dentistry. Like other interim restorations, it serves until a final restoration can be inserted. Usually the temporary crown is constructed from acrylic resins based or chemical cure, light cure composite, although alternative systems using aluminium crown forms are occasionally used. Temporary crowns function to protect the tooth, prevent teeth shifting, provide cosmetics, shape the gum tissue properly and prevent sensitivity.

A temporary filling is just that a temporary treatment to restore a damaged tooth. These fillings are not meant to last and as a semi permanent solution, you will need to schedule a follow up appointment with your dental surgeon to have the temporary filling replaced with a permanent one.

Tooth Jewellery is one of the most popular cosmetic for the teeth. The application of tooth jewel is simple, quick and painless. The silver or gold crystals on your teeth offers glittering smile. The tooth jewellery provided by us creates an eye catching shine on your tooth. These are available in various colors among which you can select the one of your choice.

Mouth sores are common ailments that affect many people at some point in their lives. These sores can appear on any of the soft tissues of your mouth, including your lips, cheeks, gums, tongue and floor and roof of your mouth. You can even develop mouth sores on your esophagus, the tube leading to your stomach. Mouth sores, which include canker sores are usually a minor irritation and last only a week or two. In some cases, however, they can indicate mouth cancer or an infection from a virus, such as herpes simplex.

Complete dentures can be either “conventional” or “immediate.” Made after the teeth have been removed and the gum tissue has begun to heal, a conventional denture is ready for placement in the mouth about eight to 12 weeks after the teeth have been removed but every cases it depends on the decision of the dental surgeon according to cases need.

Unlike conventional dentures, immediate dentures are made in advance and can be positioned as soon as the teeth are removed. As a result, the wearer does not have to be without teeth during the healing period. However, bones and gums shrink over time, especially during the healing period following tooth removal. Therefore, a disadvantage of immediate dentures compared with conventional dentures is that they require more adjustments to fit properly during the healing process and generally should only be considered a temporary solution until conventional dentures can be made.

Dental veneer (sometimes called porcelain veneers or dental porcelain laminates) are wafer thin, custom made shells of tooth colored materials designed to cover the front surface of teeth to improve the esthetic appearance. These shells are bonded to the front of the teeth changing their color, shape, size or length.

Several advantages of dental veneers that had used for discolored teeths like

  • Root canal treatment 
  • Excessive fluoride
  • Large resin fillings 
  • Teeth that are worn down
  • Teeth that are chipped or broken
  • Teeth with gaps between them
  • Stains from tetracycline or other drugs
  • Teeth that are misaligned, uneven or irregularly shaped.

Fixed appliances are probably the most common type of orthodontic appliances in use today. They consist of small brackets that are attached onto the front surface of the teeth with a dental adhesive. The brackets are then connected with a thin wire which is often held in place with elastic loops. There are various types of fixed appliance systems available ranging from metal brackets to clear (aesthetically pleasing) brackets. They enable the orthodontist to accurately move the teeth into the desired position. The orthodontist has more control over the position of the teeth with fixed appliances than can be achieved with removable appliances or removable aligners. Fixed appliance orthodontic treatment usually lasts from 6 to 30 months depending upon the severity of the orthodontic problem and the scope of the proposed orthodontic treatment. Most patients will need to attend our practice for regular appointments (usually every 8 weeks) for the appliance to be adjusted.

Mouth guards are coverings worn over teeth and often used to protect teeth from injury from teeth grinding specially called bruxism and during sports. Generally, mouth guards cover your upper teeth only but in some instances (such as if you wear braces or another fixed dental appliance on your lower jaw) make a mouth guard for the lower teeth as well. An effective mouth guard should be comfortable, resist tears, be durable, easy to clean, and should not restrict your breathing or speech. If you grind your teeth at night, a special mouth guard type of dental appliance called a nocturnal bite plate or bite splint may be created to prevent tooth damage.

Mouth guards should be used by anyone children or adults who play contact sports such as football, boxing, soccer, ice hockey, basketball, lacrosse, and field hockey. However, even those participating in noncontact sports (for example, gymnastics) and any recreational activity (For example, skateboarding, mountain biking) that might pose a risk of injury to the mouth would benefit from wearing a protective mouth guard. Adults and children who grind their teeth at night should have a nocturnal bite plate or bite splint made to prevent tooth damage.

They are removable or fixed (cemented) appliances that mostly alter the posture of the mandible designed to correct malocclusion, primarily by forwards posturing of the mandible in a growing child and transmit the forces created by the resulting stretch dental and skeletal tissues to produce movement of the teeth and growth modification to the jaws and lower facial third.

Wisdom teeth usually appear in your late teens or early twenties usually between 17 to 25 years. They are the third and final set of molars and grow at the very back of the mouth. Often there is not room for these teeth and they have to be removed before they push out other teeth or grow down into your jaw bone. But when there is room for these teeth, sometimes they can cause a problem called pericoronitis. Pericoronitis is an infection in the gums around the wisdom teeth and it usually causes pain, swelling and discomfort.

A versatile light cure bonding system that can be used clinically for the repair of fractured ceramic or indirect composite restorations intraorally even when the metal is exposed and for chairside adjustment or in the laboratory for fabrication and repair of prosthesis with a strong bond to Metal, Porcelain and Resin materials. Its

  • Simple and easy procedure.
  • Short working time.
  • Transparent and thin bonding layer.
  • High bonding strength and durability.
  • The strong bond between resin and metal prevents marginal leakage, erosion and staining.

Wisdom teeth usually appear in your late teens or early twenties usually between 17 to 25 years. They are the third and final set of molars and grow at the very back of the mouth. Often there is not room for these teeth and they have to be removed before they push out other teeth or grow down into your jaw bone. But when there is room for these teeth, sometimes they can cause a problem called pericoronitis. Pericoronitis is an infection in the gums around the wisdom teeth and it usually causes pain, swelling and discomfort.

Porcelain fused to metal dental crowns were color matched crown adjacent teeth. However, more wearing to the opposing teeth occurs with this crown type compared with metal or resin crowns. Next to all ceramic crowns, porcelain fused to metal crowns look most like normal teeth. These crowns can be a good choice for front or back teeth as well as long bridges where the metal is needed for strength. Today all porcelain crowns are considered the most beautiful crown that a tooth can get. Pure porcelain is the only crown that gives the desired translucent look to the tooth, their color is influenced by the tooth under them.

  • Transparent, esthetically appealing just like a natural tooth.
  • Highly biocompatible.
  • Reduced sensitivity.
  • Alignment and form correction is possible.
  • Ideally suitable for patients who have reduced space inside their mouth.

Once the primary root canal treatment fails that particular teeth can be saved without any invasive surgery just by re treating its root canals (Re RCT), again to remove the infection. The symptoms of failed root canals can cause serious pain to the patient and calls emergency endodontic visits. When a root canal treatment fails, the first course of action that is usually taken is trying to re-do the root canal treatment. The process is very similar to root canal treatment; the difference is that besides taking any remaining infected tissue out, the dental surgeon has to take old filling material, any posts and crowns or any other obstacle in the pulp space out to be able to successfully disinfect and seal the area of the root canal. After the root canal treatment is done again the dental surgeon will place a crown to protect the tooth against fractures.

Removable orthodontic appliances are that can be inserted and removed by the patient. Removable orthodontic appliances are different because they can be taken out of your mouth. Many types of orthodontic care require multiple stages of treatment, so removable orthodontic appliances might be preferred for treatments. If you’re considering a specific treatment option, removable appliances could be very beneficial for you.

              It is indicated when:

  • Growth modification during mixed dentition
  • Limited tooth movement
  • Retention

A removable partial denture usually consists of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum colored plastic base which is sometimes connected by metal framework that holds the denture in place in the mouth. Partial dentures are used when one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw. Not only does a partial denture fill in the spaces created by missing teeth, it prevents other teeth from changing position. A precision partial denture is removable and has internal attachments rather than clasps that attach to the adjacent crowns. This is a more natural looking appliance.

Retainers are custom devices designed to hold your teeth in place. They’re often prescribed after orthodontic treatment, such as braces to keep your bite in place after it’s been reshaped or corrected. Wearing a retainer can be irritating but it’s a mild inconvenience compared to having to go through having braces all over again. Orthodontic retainers are usually made of wires or clear plastic that hold teeth in position after surgery or any method of realigning teeth. Once a phase of orthodontic treatment has been completed to straighten teeth, there remains a lifelong risk of relapse (a tendency for teeth to return to their original position) due to a number of factors: recoil of periodontal fibres, pressure from surrounding soft tissues, the occlusion and patient’s continued growth and development. By using retainers to hold the teeth in their new position for a length of time, the surrounding periodontal fibres are allowed to adapt to changes in the bone which can help minimize any changes to the final tooth position after the completion of orthodontic treatment. Removable retainers are only required to be worn part time (usually at night).

Children may need space maintainers if they lose a tooth early or have a baby (primary) tooth extracted due to dental decay. If either is the case, it is important to know the benefits of using a space maintainer and how it can help support your child’s dental health. A space maintainer is an appliance that is custom made by a dental surgeon in acrylic or metal material. It can be either removable or fixed in a child’s mouth. Its purpose is to keep the space open to allow the permanent tooth to erupt and come into place. Baby teeth are important to the development of the teeth, jaw bones and muscles and help to guide permanent teeth into position when the baby teeth are lost. If a space is not maintained, then teeth can shift into the open space and orthodontic treatment may be required. Not every child who loses a baby tooth early or to dental decay requires a space maintainer; however, a professional consultation with your dental surgeon or orthodontist should be conducted to determine if using a space maintainer is needed.

Crowns made of zirconia are becoming increasingly common and one of the biggest advantages of zirconia is its strength and durability. Consider how much force your back teeth exert on the food that you chew. The crowns need to be made of a strong material so, zirconia may be a good choice for crowns in the back of mouth. Zirconia based crowns fared just as well over the course of many years as metal based crowns, according to a 2017 randomized controlled trial published in the Journal of Dentistry. The crowns made of zirconia called monolithic zirconia crowns are especially durable. Zirconia is the choice of many dental surgeons for its biocompatibility which means it’s less likely to provoke the body into producing a reaction or immunological response like inflammation.

The E-Max crown is the newest and most expensive type of crown. E-MAX crowns are made from lithium desilicated ceramic, a material that has been harvested for its translucent color and durability. As a result, you get a crown that is tough and durable, but looks exactly like your other teeth. Also, these crowns are made from a single block of this material which makes it a high strength crown. Lithium disilicate is known for its superior strength and appealing aesthetics as a restorative crown material. E-max crowns are slightly translucent and hence come closest to matching your teeth colour. This property has made it a popular choice for crown restoration especially in front teeth.